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1-6复习
发布者: 马颖兰  (发布时间: 2015-12-19 14:52:19
 

介词( prep.)

介词后可加名词,动名词及宾格代词。

1.  in 用(语言或材料);在----里面,

in China   in English in the same school  in the same class  in the first photo  in my family  in your grandparents’ room  the girl in red   the bag in purple

2. for 为了,给,对

1) Thanks for------ == Thank you for---------而感谢

Thanks for your help. == Thank you for helping me.

谢谢你的全家福。(2个)Thanks for your family photo.    Thanks for the photo of your family.

2) ask Sb. for Sth.  You can ask the teacher for your computer game.

你可以向父母求助。You can ask your parents for help.

他经常向父母要钱。 He often asks his parents for money.

3)get Sth. for Sb. == get Sb. Sth.  Can you get the book for me? = Can you get me the book?

 你能为我拿些面包来吗? Can you bring some bread for me?

4Its adj. for Sb. to do Sth.             Its adj. for Sb.       It’s easy for me.

  Ving   is adj. for Sb.    It’s interesting for him to play computer games. = Playing computer games is interesting for him.     Ving词组做主语看单,用is不用are

  对她来说打排球难。          It’s very difficult for her to play volleyball.

 对他们来说,学好英语很容易。It’s very easy for them to learn English well.

5for breakfast    for lunch  for dinner

  午餐他喜欢吃什么?       What do you like for breakfast?   

6for  ---,去做-----          need ----- for -----需要----去做----

你的聚会需要些什么?         I need a sweater for school.         

7 for用来表示物品的价格,用法为:价格+for +具体物品。

 It’s 30 yuan for this book.  This book is 30 yuan.  We have this book for30 yuan

 How much is it for two?  Two dollars for one pair of socks, three dollars for two pairs of socks

 Socks are only 2 dollars for three pairs!

8)have 物品for 价格                      物品 be 价格

   We have green sweaters for only 15 dollars!   Green sweaters are only 15 dollars!

9)be late for       Don’t be late for class.       She doesn’t want to be late for class.

10) be good for           Eating fruit and vegetables is good for our health.

3. with     After school, Cindy plays volleyball with her classmates.      We think with our head.

4. at    call Sb. at13339827685.        e-mail Sb. at. 541520515@qq.com.

Come and buy your clothes at our great sale!     We sell all our clothes at very good prices.

5. about   How about ==What about + n. / Ving /宾格代词    How about playing soccer?

What about you /her / him / them / Jim ?         The bag is red, what about yours?

6. after     after class    after school after dinner  after work  after having breakfast

7. before   before class   before breakfast   before going to school

8.  from    from 8:00 to 9:00    agirl from

重点词组 句型

1. let   Sb.  do   Sth.      让他看电视吧。    Let him watch TV.    

 让我们吃早餐吧。Let’s eat breakfast.      让我们回家吧。Let’s go home.       Jim 做运动吧。 Let Jim play sprots.

2. want + n.      She wants an apple.   want  to do Sth.      She wants to eat an apple.

  want Sb. to do Sth.       Her mother wants her to eat an apple.

need want用法一样  need to do  need sb. to do   want to do   want sb. to do

他妈妈想要他每天做作业,但他想要玩电脑游戏。

His mother wants him to do homework every day, but he wants to play computer games.

她不想长胖。  She doesn’t want to be fat. 

2. call Sb. at 号码  You can call her at 5175113.  你可以打他们电话110

3. Here be 名词 Here is a photo of my family.  Here is the money.

Here 代词 be  Here you are.   Here she is.

4. Thank you for == Thanks for

5. ask Sb. for Sth.     We can ask the teacher for help.

ask Sb. about Sth.  David asks the volleyball star about her eating habits.

6. call Sb. at ------               email Sb. at------

7.  be late   He is always late.       be late for-----     He is always late for school.

上课别迟到。 Don’t be late.      他上课不想迟到。He doesn’t want to be late for class.

8Its adj. for Sb. to do Sth. ==Ving is adj. for Sb.

  it 是形式主语     to do Sth. 真正的主语 Playing computer games is interesting for him.

 对他来说玩电脑游戏是有趣的。(2个)It’s interesting for him to play computer games.

8.  think 与宾语从句。        I think she has a ping-pong ball, too.

他认为Tom篮球打得好。     He thinks Tom plays basketball well.

9. play sports = do sports          She doesn’t play sports, she only watches them on TV.

10.  play 与球类名词间不加冠词( a, an, the )

play sports  play basketball  play soccer  play volleyball  play ping-pong  play football play tennis play baseball 

但在谈论球而不是运动时,则可以加冠词:     She likes playing baseball, but she doesn’t have a baseball.

11. have 与三餐饭间不加冠词。  have breakfast   have lunch  have dinner

但餐前有形容词修饰时,则可加: have a big dinner   have a great dinner

12. good adj.     be + adj.   adj. + n.

well  adv.    V. + adv.

He has a________ daughter.        She can play soccer ________.

Tom is _________at English.       Runner eats______________.

13. health    n.       

  healthy  adj.      

Eating vegetables and fruit is good for our __________.

Are you_______________?        Everyone wants to be ______________. 

Vegetables and fruit are _____________ food.

13.  名词分类:

可数名词  不可单用,要么前有冠词修饰,要么后变复数。

名词变复数:--s; y---ies  s, x, ch, sh为结尾加es; o-es ( tomatoes, potatoes, )photo只加S

不可数名词:没有复数形式     看单      Some bread is on the table.

14. 三单(除第一人称I ,we和第二人称you之外的都是第三人称,如果这个第三人称              

  数量表示一个,就把它叫做三单。        肯定:  + Vs+----------.

实义动词  三单: 否定:   + doesn’t动原 + ------.

                 疑问:  Does + + 动原 + --------

                     肯定:  +  is + ---------.

   Be        三单:  否定:  + is not +---------.

                     疑问:   Is ++ --------?

                     肯定:  + 动原+-------.

 实义动词    非三单:否定:   + dont + 动原+ --------.

                     疑问:   Do + + 动原 + ----------?

                       肯定: +  are + --------.

  Be         非三单   否定:  + are not + ----------.      (除了第一人称I 之外)

                      疑问: Are + +----------?

15.  系动词:  后加adj.     look看起来 sound听起来

       look, sound, smell, taste, feel, seem, 三变得get, become, turn, 保持stay, keep, remain

实义动词:用副词修饰

  Let’s play soccer.   That sounds good / interesting / boring -------

  The blue sweater looks nice.  

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